Linux is a free and Open Source operating system that started as a small project by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Today it runs everything from embedded systems to nuclear submarines. Linux also powers Wall Street, the London Stock Exchange, the CERN supercollider, and NASA's supercomputers.
The latest Linux kernel version is 5.12.11. Mainline, stable, and longterm releases are for end users. Release candidate or rc kernels are for developers.2021-06-13 | 5.13-rc6 mainline
2021-06-16 | 5.12.11 stable
2021-05-19 | 5.11.22 stable
2021-06-16 | 5.10.44 longterm
2021-06-16 | 5.4.126 longterm
2021-06-16 | 4.19.195 longterm
2021-06-16 | 4.14.237 longterm
2021-06-16 | 4.9.273 longterm
2021-06-16 | 4.4.273 longterm
Android, which holds 74.6% of the mobile operating system market share worldwide as of July 2020, uses the Linux kernel.
Linux runs 100% of the top 500 supercomputers in the world as of June 2020.The idea of the Linux brand character being a penguin came from Linus Torvalds. Larry Ewing created it in 1996 after a suggestion from Alan Cox. James Hughes called it Tux.